Agriculture technology

Agriculture technology – Its role and importance

Written by Dr. Shaun Murphy

Are you looking for some information about the role and importance of agriculture? so you are at the right place.

What is Agriculture?

  • Agriculture is the science, art, and practice of cultivating plants and livestock.
  • Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities.
  • The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago. After gathering wild grains beginning at least 105,000 years ago, nascent farmers began to plant them around 11,500 years ago.
  • Pigs, sheep, and cattle were domesticated over 10,000 years ago. Plants were independently cultivated in at least 11 regions of the world.
  • Industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture in the twentieth century came to dominate agricultural output, though about 2 billion people still depended on subsistence agriculture.

What is technology in agriculture?

  • Nowadays, Farmers can use the benefits of the Agriculture technological revolution to increase their yields from farming.
  • Technologies are used to improve our crop production. It can bring innovation to Agriculture. It can be a mix of human labor, seeds, fertilizer, and manures.
  • By using technologies in agriculture with precision, we can save our strength, Money, and time.
  • It can also help to solve our problems related to chemo-physical, biological, socioeconomic.
  • The technology which performed by the people and animals to enhance seed technologies that support crop growth and protect plants from insects

People also read our blogs: Irrigation system in India

  • In the time of climate change, we need to better protect and manage our natural resources, the resources like water, nutrients, soil health, etc. For these things, technology is very helpful for us.

Role Of Technology In Agriculture

  • Technology plays a very important role in agriculture. Higher yield depends upon the nature of your technology.
  • In India, where most farmers have small pieces of land, So technology plays a very important role in it.
  • Different works need different technologies like tilling the soil, Planting seeds, Cultivating crops. It also consists of protecting plants from pests, livestock feeding.
  • People who are trained to design agriculture equipment, Agriculture machinery, and structure are known as agricultural engineers. Some countries use modern technologies and make large output.
  • The main and best example of technology is the tractor. Nowadays, some people use airplanes and helicopters on farms.

why is agriculture important – Importance Of agriculture technology

  • Increase crop productivity
  • Boot economy of Agriculture
  • Reduce use of Fertilizer, Pesticides, Water quantity
  • Increase worker safety
  • Decrease the environmental and ecological impact
  • Low prices and great efficiency
  • Reduce runoff of chemicals into rivers and groundnut
  • It is beneficial for the natural ecosystem.

Importance of Agriculture in the National Economy

Importance of Agriculture in the National Economy

It’s no secret that the agricultural sector is the backbone of almost all economies in the world. It provides the basic ingredients mankind needs and the raw materials necessary for industrialization.

Here’s a brief overview of the role of agriculture and how it impacts the national economy:

1. Source of Food Supply

  • As aforementioned, agriculture has been the basic source of food supply for mankind for centuries.
  • Whether a country is underdeveloped, developing, or developed, all nations depend on agriculture for their food.
  • And as the demand for food continues to increase, so does the demand for more land to farm and cultivate food products.
  • Agriculture has been found to adversely affect the economic growth of many nations, making it an important factor for every country’s economic growth.

2. Contribution to National Income

  • Agricultural prosperity has significantly contributed to and fostered the economic advancement of several countries.
  • It’s also been correctly observed that even the leading industrialized countries were once predominantly agricultural.
  • Similarly, developing countries now have the dominance of agriculture, which largely contributes to their national income.

3. Relief from Capital Shortage

  • The development of the agricultural sector of developing countries has also helped relieve them from a shortage of capital.
  • Previously, developing countries were more reliant on foreign capital, which usually came with strings attached to them.
  • The agricultural sector requires a lot less capital for development. Thus, it minimizes the growth problem touching on foreign capital.

4. Prerequisite for Raw Materials

  • Besides providing just food products, agricultural advancement has also made this industry a hub for raw materials.
  • The shortage of agricultural products can impact the agro-based industry significantly and usually cause a consequent increase in their product price levels.
  • It can also impede the growth of the nation’s economy, especially developing countries, which largely depend on agricultural products to boost their economies.

5. Creation of Infrastructure

  • Agricultural development subsequently requires the development of other national infrastructures like roads, storage units, transportation railways, market yards, postal services, etc.
  • For an infrastructure that’s creating high demands for industrial products, the agricultural sector also demands the development of the commercial sector

How technology can help farmers?

  • India has traditionally been an agrarian economy. While digital transformation is sweeping industries such as IT/ITeS, banking, FMCG, etc.
  • technology is still not easily available to our farmers. The agriculture industry immensely contributes to our country’s GDP. Not only is it responsible for 15% of the GDP, but it is also our biggest employer.
  • Almost 70 percent of the rural population is involved in agriculture in one form or the other.
  • However, we have only scratched the surface. There is a vast potential for the industry.
  • In fact, agriculture can play a critical role in helping the government reach its goal of making India a US$5 trillion economy. And for this, technology in agriculture is indispensable.

Let’s take a look at how technology can help farmers?:

Optimum irrigation:

  • With new-age technology, farmers can build optimum irrigation systems that help them mitigate the effects of drought, ensuring crops get all the water they need despite natural calamities. This will ensure that crops never die or their efforts go to waste.

Modern-crop protection measures:

  • Indian farmers do not have access to newer, environmentally safe pesticides. While countries such as Pakistan and Vietnam have more than 500 pesticides registered, and the USA and China have more than 750 pesticides, our farmers only have 290.
  • Advancement of technology has the power to provide them with newer pesticides that are needed only in small quantities, are far more effective, reduce the burden of chemicals in agriculture, and are much safer for humans, animals, and the environment.

Accurate predictions:

  • Big data can give farmers the knowledge they need to produce high-quality, desirable crops.
  • They can use data to determine the best seeds and other agri-products to use to get optimum results. Artificial Intelligence can help them predict weather conditions and strategize accordingly.
  • They can also leverage cutting-edge e-platforms to cut down intermediaries and directly reach traders and demand the right price for their goods.

Research and training:

  • Technology such as deep learning can play a pivotal role in providing valuable information to farmers on various topics such as soil health, genetic engineering of seeds, best practices for sowing and picking crops, monitoring the health of the animals, understanding regulations and policies, getting the right financial aid and suitable government schemes to leverage.
  • The Government can promote research by coming up with a special provision for data protection for safer and new molecules/formulations that are introduced/developed in the country for the first time.
  • Protection of regulatory data will go a long way in cementing India’s position as an investor’s hub and in encouraging innovators to discover, protect, register, and produce new solutions.

High-tech storage:

  • Technology can help farmers build high-tech storage facilities that minimize post-harvest losses and improper handling.
  • Many farmers store their produce in the open that are prone to natural disasters, pests, etc. With modern technology, farmers can protect their crops and substantially improve their shelf life.

What were the technological innovations to improve farming in India?

  • Expansion of irrigation facilities along with the consolidation of the existing systems has been the main strategy for increasing agricultural production.
  • Fertilizer is a key input for increasing agricultural production. The government provides a subsidy for the use of fertilizers so that farmers can use them for augmenting crop production.
  • The introduction of the high-yielding varieties of seeds was the most important step in the late 1960s to increase agricultural production in India.
  • The promotion of farm mechanization has been an important initiative taken by the government since the period of the Green Revolution during the late 1960s.

New technologies in agriculture 2021

  1. Digitization in the fruit sector
  2. Software-as-a-service solutions for orchard management
  3. Yield monitoring and estimation
  4. Farm management platforms
  5. Robotics and Internet of Things
  6. Utilization of drones
  7. IoT in farming
  8. Smart agriculture machines
  9. Sustainability
  10. Water management
  11. Packaging
  12. Eco-friendly plant production products

Top 10 best technologies in agriculture of all time

  1.  See & Spray Technology and Machine Learning
  2.  Internet of Things
  3. Irrigation Control
  4. Nitrogen Modeling
  5. Electrical Conductivity Sensing
  6. Drone Developments – The Chase for 1,000
  7.  Unmanned Tech
  8. Precision Planting’s SmartFirmer sensor
  9. New Leader NL5000 G5
  10. Robotics

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About the author

Dr. Shaun Murphy